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About the opera


History

1645 - 15 February – the first ever staging of an opera in Gdansk. Marco Scacchi’s opera Le Nozze d´Amore i di Psiche is performed, with help from artists from the Royal Castle Theatre in Warsaw, to mark the occasion of Queen Ludovica Maria’s visit to Gdansk. The opera is staged in a 13th-century building that used to house a fencing school, enlarged to 3,000 seats.
Michele Brunniero composes an opera Marte e Amore for the same occasion.

1695 - November - The Velten Widow theatre group performs Valentin Medera’s opera Nero – the first opera ever written in Gdansk.

1753 - K Ackermann acquires permission to run a music theatre. This marks the actual starting point, since when operas and ballet pantomimes are performed there on a regular basis.

1774 - Opening of a new theatre building, moving the theatre out of the former fencing school.

1789 - Seven years after the premiere in Vienna, Gdansk audiences have the opportunity to see Mozart’s Die Entführung aus dem Serail, followed by Mozart’s Die Zauberflöte (in 1794), Don Giovanni (in 1796), Le Nozze di Figaro (in 1798) and La Clemenza di Tito (in 1807).

1801 – 3 August
- a new theatre building, situated in the Coal Market (Targ Węglowy), opens to the public. Owing to the shape of its dome it becomes known as "the coffee grinder".

1804 - Guest performances of the Warsaw Ballet (Gdansk ballet was dissolved in 1788).

1809 - Vocal Theatre Institute opens.

1811 – Performances of Cud mniemany and other plays by Wojciech Boguslawski’s prominent theatre group.

1822 – Showing of Weber’s opera Der Freischütz, only a few months after its premiere in Berlin.

1882 – The first staging of Wagner’s Der Ring des Nibelungen, is performed by Angelo Neumann’s theatre group.

1909 - 11 August – The Forest Opera – staged outdoors –opens in Sopot, with a performance of Kreutzer’s Nachtlager in Granada.

1914 – February – A project to build Tattersaal, a new building, is signed off. The foundation stone is laid in April.

1915 – September – Tattersaal opens to the public; the first symphonic concert is performed there on 23 October.

1918 (c.) - Construction of the gymnasium – the Baltic Opera’s current playground

1926 - Touring Opera of Warsaw presents Halka by Stanislaw Moniuszko and other operas, in the Sopot Spa rooms.

1934-1939 - Kazimierz Wiłkomirski becomes director of the Polish Music Academy in Gdansk, and an opera class is founded at the academy.

1939
- The Gdansk theatre boasts 17 operas, 10 operettas and three ballets in its repertoire, among them Tristan and Isolde, Der Rosenkavalier, Boris Godunow, Fidelio, Don Carlos, Aida and Cosi Fan Tutte.

1945 – All theatre stages in Gdansk are destroyed in the War  by the Red Army

1949 - 24 August – On the initiative of Iwo Gall the Music and Drama Studio of Teatr Wybrzeze (the Gdansk theatre) stages Halka, an opera by S Moniuszko.

1949-1953 - Active period of the Opera Studio, under the guidance of Zygmunt Latoszewski. The Opera Studio was founded in September 1949 at the request of the Baltic Philharmonic Orchestra.

1950 - 28 June – The first night at the Opera Studio; Tchaikovsky’s Eugene Onegin marks the beginning of the history of the Baltic Opera.

1950 - September - Wiktor Brégy becomes director of the Opera Studio.

1952 - 15 March - First ballet night at the Opera Studio: Glazunov`s Seasons, Kurpiński`s Marriage in Ojcow and Prokofiev`s Peter and the Wolf.

1953 – 1 May - The Opera Studio (Baltic Opera) and the Philharmonic Orchestra merge to become the Baltic National Opera and Philharmonic (BNOP).

1954/1955 – Building alterations to the forestage and backstage.

1958 - Guest performance of the BNOP at the Warsaw Autumn Festival
(Peter Grimes, Krakatuk, Daphnis and Chloe)

1960 - Guest performance of the BNOP at the Warsaw Autumn Festival
(Harnasie, The Miraculous Mandarin)

1973- 1982 – Building alterations to the theatre building; creation of a foyer.

1994 – The BNOP is split into two independent organisations: the Opera and the Philharmonic Orchestra.

2000 - 20 February – First post-war staging in Gdansk of Wagner’s Tannhäuser.

2003 – October to December - modernisation of the auditorium.

2004 - June - First St John’s Opera Festival, held at S. John’s Church in Gdansk.

2005 - September - First post-war staging in Gdansk of Richard Strauss’ Der Rosenkavalier.

2008 – Marek Weiss becomes general manager and artistic director, and Jose Maria Florencio becomes music director. Mozart’s Don Giovanni is their first production.

2008 – The Baltic Opera presents Britten’s The Rape of Lucretia at the Szeged Opera Festival, Hungary. Janja Vuelic – the lead – is named the festival’s best singer.

2009 – The Baltic Opera is again invited to the Szeged Opera Festival and presents Richard Strauss’ Ariadne auf Naxos, directed by Marek Weiss.

2010 - The Baltic Dance Theatre is formed, with the group’s founder and choreographer, Izadora Weiss, as general manager.


General Managers
Marek Weiss (seit 2008)
Włodzimierz Nawotka (1995 - 2007)
Barbara Żurowska-Sutt (1993 – 1995)
Andrzej Sławomir Kiełbowicz (1991 – 1993)
Włodzimierz Nawotka (1978 – 1991)
Maciej Krzyżanowski (1973 – 1977)
Zbigniew Makuszewski (1971 – 1973)
Jerzy Procner (1970 – 1971)
Tadeusz Rybowski (1952 – 1970)
Bohdan Podhorski-Piotrowski (1950 - 1951)
 
 
Artistic Directors
Marek Weiss (seit 2008)
Włodzimierz Nawotka (2002 - 2007)
Krzysztof Słowiński (2000 – 2002)
Andrzej Knap (1995 – 1999)
Barbara Żurowska-Sutt (1993 – 1995)
Andrzej Sławomir Kiełbowicz (1991 – 1993)
Janusz Przybylski (1984 – 1990)
Bogusław Madey (1982 – 1983)
Wojciech Rajski (1981 – 1982)
Zbigniew Chwedczuk (1972 – 1981)
Jerzy Procner (1968 – 1972)
Jerzy Katlewicz (1961 – 1968)
Zygmunt Latoszewski (1955 – 1961)
Kazimierz Wiłkomirski (1952 – 1955)
Zygmunt Latoszewski (1950 – 1952)


Balletmasters
Janina Jarzynówna-Sobczak (1949 – 1976)
Gustaw Klauzner (1976 – 1988)
Walery Niekrasow (1988 – 1992)
Bożena Kociołkowska (1992 – 1993)
Bronisław Prądzyński (1993 – 1996)
Marek Andrzej Stasiewicz (1996 – 1999)
Sławomir Gidel (1999 – 2007)
Anna Krzyśków (february 2008)
Roman Komassa (2008-2009)
 
Baltic Dance Theatre
Izadora Weiss (seit March 2010)
 

Chorus Masters
Anna Michalak (seit January 2012)
Dariusz Tabisz (2008 - 2011)
Jan Kurek (2007)
Elżbieta Wiesztordt (1997 - 2007)
Janusz Łapot (1983 – 1997)
Józefa Siudaczyńska (1980 – 1983)
Henryk Czyżewski (1977 – 1980)
Kazimierz Skrzyński (1976)
Wiesław Czerski (1975 – 1976)
Andrzej Bachleda (1972 – 1975)
Wiesław Czerski (1967 – 1971)
Jerzy Michalak (1964 – 1966)
Tadeusz Jakubowski (1959 – 1963)
Zbigniew Bruna (1958 – 1959)
Leon Snarski (1954 – 1958)
Roman Kuklewicz (1950 – 1953)